- There are 15 categories of tulips, differentiated by flower shape and bloom time.
Double Early – More than the usual number of petals, with a fluffy appearance. Tall (12-15″) stems. Starts blooming in early April. Can be harmed by cold snaps and winds.
Triumph – Cross between early and late singles. Tall (15-18″) stems. Late April bloomer.
Darwin Hybrid – Cross between Darwin and the Fosteriana. Tall (24″) stems and very hardy. Naturalize well. Late season, blooming into May.
Single Late – One bloom per stem. Wide range of colors and late season bloomers.
Lily-flowered – Tall (18-24″), late season bloomers with pointed, slightly flared petals.
Fringed – Fringed or ruffled petal edges in many colors, sometimes with contrasting colors on the fringe. Late season bloomer with 12-18″ stems.
Viridiflora – Late season blooms on 12-24″ stems with distinctive green streaks in their petals.
Rembrandt – Once prized for their colorful streaks and mottling, these tulips are no longer grown commercially because the coloring was caused by a virus that spreads to other tulips. You may still see Rembrandt tulips advertised, but they are not true Rembrandt cultivars.
Parrot – Named for the bud’s resemblance to a parrot’s beak. The flowers are large, with twisted, curling petals on tall (12-24″) stems. Late season.
Double Late – Also called the Peony Tulip, these tall (18-24″) tulips have enough petals to rival a peony bloom. They are not particularly hardy, but are nice in containers. Late season.
Kaufmanniana – Also known as the water lily tulip, these early bloomers have flowers that open so wide they are almost flat. The leaves have brownish-purple mottling and the plants are only 6-12″ tall.
Fosteriana – Also known as Emperor tulips, The flowers are large, often with pointed petals, and available in many colors. Blooms mid-season on 8-15″ plants.
Griegii – A short (8-12″), early season bloomer with flared, pointed petals and wavy leaves. Brightly colored, including some bi-colors.
Species or Wild Tulips – Great for perennializing, these are short (4-12″) plants with lots of variety and varying bloom times.
Most Common Types of Tulips
Tulips are a beautiful flower with a simple and graceful shape. Dutch tulips come in a variety of colors and they’re easy to buy in bulk if you’re DIY’ing your wedding or event. Use them alone, mix them with one of our specialty tulip varieties or add them to a centerpiece with other flowers. They look great with little effort and will add a nice bright pop of color to your bouquets.
To read more on Planting Tulips click HERE
Parrot tulips, which first appeared in France, found their way to the Netherlands in the Eighteenth century, where they were highly prized and extremely expensive. The tulips are hardy to USDA planting zones 4 through 7.
To See What Zone you’re in Click HERE
Parrot tulips are cup-shaped, fringed, twisted and ruffled tulips decorated with vivid, flame-like splashes, stripes or feathery markings. Parrot tulip flowers are available in a range of bright colors, including red, violet, yellow, orange, pink, green and near black. Parrot tulip flowers are huge – measuring nearly 5 inches across on 15- to 20-inch stems. Parrot flowers are big, fancy tulips that deserve a spot in a flower bed or border where their exotic beauty can be fully appreciated. Plant extra parrot tulip bulbs; the long-stemmed beauties are stunning in bouquets.
Growing Parrot Tulips: Plant parrot tulip bulbs in full sunlight and fertile, well-drained soil any time between early autumn and November. Select a site protected from harsh wind, as long-stemmed parrot tulip flowers are somewhat fragile. Plant the bulbs about 5 inches deep, with 4 to 6 inches between each bulb. Water lightly after planting, then cover the area with 2 to 3 inches of shredded bark, pine needles, or other organic mulch.
Care of Parrot Tulips: Remove the mulch as soon as your parrot tulip flowers sprout in spring. This is also the time to begin supplemental watering, which should occur weekly until the flowers fade in early summer. Use a hose or drip system and don’t damage the blooms by watering from above. Feed the tulips every month during the growing season, using a balanced fertilizer with an NPK ratio such Down to Earth’s Rose and Flower Mix. Remove blooms and flower stems as soon as parrot tulip flowers fade, but don’t remove the foliage until it dies down and turn yellow. This is critical, as the green foliage absorbs energy from the sunlight, which supplies food that powers the bulbs for the next blooming season. Dig up parrot tulip bulbs after the foliage dies down. Store the bulbs in a warm, dry location until the temperatures drop in autumn, then replant the bulbs. Discard any bulbs that look deformed, diseased or rotted.
Double Bloom Tulips:
Getting its name from large, Peony-like blooms, this gorgeous double Tulip adds dramatic color to the late spring garden with deep purple blooms. Bonus: Purple Peony’s blooms are also sweetly fragrant!
Planting, and care:Flower bulbs come in a wide variety of sizes. It is important to get the largest, best quality bulbs you can find. Larger bulbs help to ensure success, producing larger and stronger plants with more flowers.
Several flower bulbs are part of the onion family, and because of this I like to use Onions as a representation of how important bulb size is. Which of the onions on your shelf go bad first? The smallest ones! Larger onions are more resilient, taking longer to dry out/rot and can withstand swings in temperature better. Flower bulbs are the same. Larger bulbs will withstand disease, draught, large amounts of moisture, and colder temperatures significantly better than the smaller ones.
Next time you are looking to buy bulbs, think about how much time you put into planning and planting your garden and then anxiously waiting for your flowers to grow and bloom. Don’t be disappointed after all that effort by planting sub-par bulbs. Buy the largest, firmest, disease free bulbs you can afford, and you will have the best possible results.
These tulips have petals which are topped with fringes that look like the frayed edge of a piece of satin fabric. Some garden centers may carry only two or three varieties of Fringed Tulips, but they are gradually becoming more popular, not only because the flowers look so elegant, but also because the blooms are quite long-lasting.
|Flowering time:||variable, although many flower in late spring (i.e. those that are mutants of Single Late Tulips)|
|Plant height:||8 – 30″ (20 – 75 cm); depends on which class they mutated from|
|Minimum planting depth:||6″ (15 cm)|
|Hardiness zones:||suitable for zones 3 – 7
To See What Zone you’re in Click HERE
|Colours:||white, pink, apricot, yellow, orange, red, purple|
|Shape/form:||one cup-shaped bloom with “crystal-shaped” fringes on top of each petal, on a medium to long stem|
|Alternate names:||Crispa Tulips|
|Notes:||good for cut flowers, beds, and borders|
|Example varieties:||Aleppo (orange and yellow), Blue Heron (violet and white) Burgundy Lace (red), Fancy Frills (cream and pink), Fringed Elegance (lemon yellow with bronze base), Hamilton (golden yellow), Red Wing(red, black, yellow), Swan Wings (white)|